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China: Nanjing

China: Nanjing

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Nanjing, a city situated on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, is one of China's seven ancient capitals and was the centre of power through ten dynasties. With its greenery, broad boulevards, winding streets and unhurried pace, Nanjing is one of the most pleasant of China's great cities. You will visit the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum and the tomb of the Ming Li Emperor.

As capital of Jiangsu province to the west of Shanghai, Nanjing carries much importance, especially as it is one of China’s seven ancient capitals.

For 10 dynasties it was the centre of power on the south bank of the Yangtze River and its more recent history points to the Treaty of Nanjing which in the mid 1800s was signed by the British and Chinese, thus handing over the territory of Hong Kong to Britain and opening up four Chinese ports to foreign trade.

While the city’s most famous landmark is the elegant blue and white mausoleum of Dr Sun Yat-sen, father of the Chinese Republic who died in 1925, it is also home to the tomb of the founding emperor of the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang.
The remains of the Ming Dynasty city walls are also treasured along with the citadel at Zhonghua Gate which could garrison 10,000 men.

The Linggu Temple (1381) and the purple Hill Observatory with its Ming Dynasty bronze astronomical instruments also provide a good insight into the ancient city’s past along with the impressive 4500-metre long dual level road and rail bridge across the Yangtze, an important link between China’s north and south.


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